Alternative Gaze, 2016-Present

Alternative Gaze is an ongoing series shot annually during Open House Chicago, hosted by the Chicago Architecture Foundation.


Form Follows Function According to Mies, 2018

This series explores Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s interpretation of Louis Sullivan’s architecture design philosophy: form follows function. To Sullivan, the idea of form follows function meant the design is according to the users' use of space; but to Mies, form follows function meant the design is according to engineering, hence most of Mies’ skyscrapers look very similar because gravity and engineering do not change. This series focuses on several of Mie’s identical-looking skyscrapers in Chicago; seven different skyscrapers in six locations were chosen and shot during both day and night, focusing on the geometrical and proportional structures emphasized by Mies. Each building was shot during day and night because during day, the geometrical structures are more prominent and the concept of design according to engineering becomes the center of focus. However, when different users light up their space at night, both residential and office space, specific objects and personalized arrangement of furnitures can been seen, showing the interpretation of the space by different users, which relates and ties back to Sullivan's original concept of form follows function.